Roaming through the Internet jungle, I chanced to find this map of Portland area transit lines by graphic designer Cameron Booth:
Cameron writes: “This map…compares the passenger rail network of Portland from three different eras 1912, 1943, and 2015, when the Portland-Milwaukie MAX light rail line will be completed. In this case, passenger rail is defined as streetcar (both old and modern), the once-plentiful interurban trains (a precursor to todays light rail that once ran down the Willamette Valley as far as Eugene and Corvallis), MAX light rail and long-distance passenger trains (Amtrak and its precursors). Due to the somewhat incomplete nature of what my research uncovered, there may be a few little gaps and errors, but I believe what I show is a good representation of the services offered in each era. Visually, the overlaid routes present a very compelling story. 1912 (white) was the heyday of Portlands streetcar network and shows a dense, compact and comprehensive service for a city that covered a much smaller area than it does now. […]
Thanks to the meticulous savers at the Library of Congress, I can bring you this cover of Puck magazine from December 27, 1911. The caption reads: “LOOK WHO’S HERE!” Father Time is ushering out 1911, who appears to be startled, aghast, and amazed at the new year 1912. Instead of the usual chubby baby boy (for the literary-minded a “putto”) 1911 sees a tiny woman in hat, furs, and a sign that reads:
Happy New Year
Votes for Women
Now it’s 2013, a year and a century later. Oregon women did get the right to vote in 1912, as I’m sure you know if you are reading this blog. Many other women did not. A lot has changed since Louis Glackens drew this illustration. A lot has not. Let’s take a look at 2013 and resolve to make a change for the better!
Our fictional Miriam Josefsohn was 16 years old in 1912. Now, a hundred years later, most girls Miriam’s age in the U.S. wear lipstickor notand no one bats an eyelash. But back then it was a different story.
First off, there was no such thing as “lipstick” in 1912. Womenand men in some erashad been reddening their lips for thousands of years with home-brewed concoctions. Maurice Levy, of the Scovil Manufacturing Company in Waterbury, Connecticut, designed and produced the first tube of lipstick in 1915. It looked like a rather large bullet case with red gunk inside. A common recipe for American lipstick was beeswax, olive oil, and crushed insects.
Second, in 19th century America, polite and proper women didn’t wear lip rouge. They might bite their lips to make them red, or run dampened red paper over their lips, but that was as far as they’d go.
Then came the woman suffrage movement. […]